Things You Need To Know About a Fire Alarm System

This interesting article addresses some of the key issues regarding Fire Alarm System. A careful reading of this material could make a big difference in how you think about Fire Alarm System.

If you find yourself confused by what you've read to this point, don't despair. Everything should be crystal clear by the time you finish.

An unexpected fire can cause huge damage to property and person. Unlike other natural calamities, such as flood and tornado, a fire accident can be prevented. Fire accidents can be prevented in advance by installing effective fire safety systems. A fire alarm system is designed to detect the presence of unwanted smoke and fire by monitoring the changes in the surrounding environment associated with combustion.

Fire alarm systems are primarily installed in high-rise buildings, clubs, auditoriums, theaters, conferences, homes and offices. The main purpose of these systems is to notify the building occupants about an unexpected fire outbreak. An advance notification can help the occupants to evacuate the building and reach a safe area.

Few important components of a fire alarm system are:

Control panel: It is the most important component of a fire safety system. It is considered as the brain of the alarm system. It serves as the primary connection between the alarm system and the central monitoring station. It is connected to all other parts of the device and to the monitoring station.

Detectors: Heat and smoke detectors are very important components of a fire alarm system. The smoke detection devices send signals to the control panel when the level of smoke reaches a certain point. Further, the heat detection devices send signals to the control panel when the temperature inside the building gets too high. Also, some of the detectors get triggered due to the occurrence of chemical reactions or presence of noting smoke particles (photoelectric).

Manual signal box: This component of an alarm system is usually installed in easily accessible areas of a building. These devices can be pulled by a handle in order to notify a potential fire outbreak. Pulling a manual signal box may require you to break a glass casing.

Audible and visual alerts: Strategically placed horns and bells are used to alert people about a fire outbreak. Flashing lights are used for those suffering from hearing impairment.

Emergency battery: Emergency batteries are included in fire safety systems to help them to operate in an event of power failure.

Sprinkler system: This component limits the impact of a fire outbreak in a small areas. It can limit initial flames and severe smoke by dousing the flames and lowering the atmospheric temperature. This system is widely used in commercial offices.

Fire alarm systems can be broadly classified as manually actuated systems and automatically actuated systems. Both these systems are designed to notify people about unexpected fire outbreak. The manual system requires the building occupants to discover a fire and activate the alarm manually. These devices are usually installed near staircases and doors. These types of fire alarms are usually installed in commercial buildings and factories. Automatic alarm systems use detection sensors to detect smoke and fire. A sound alarm is triggered as soon as high smoke levels and high temperature is detected. An automated system notifies the occupants, fire department and local authorities.

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